Around 5 million Americans are stroke survivors; some have recovered almost fully, whilst others continue to live with the long-term effects of their stroke. In addition, over 140,000 Americans die every year as the result of a stroke.
The team at Stem Cell Treatment Mexico offer autologous stem cell application to stroke
patients. In this process the individual’s own stem cells are harvested, treated and reintroduced to the body, where they go to the affected site and repair damage caused by the stroke. However, this treatment for stroke is not employed worldwide.
It is only now that the extraordinary ability of stem cells to heal otherwise untreatable damage caused by a range of conditions, including stroke, MS, heart attack and COPD is being investigated and more widely acknowledged by the wider medical community as an effective form of treatment for a range of treatable conditions.
What is a Stroke?
A stroke happens when the supply of blood going to the brain is disrupted. This can lead to the loss or reduction of brain function. There are two types of stroke. Around 80% of strokes are ischemic strokes, where the blood supply to an area of the brain is cut off as the result of a blood clot within the brain. The second type of stroke is a hemorrhagic stroke, where a blood vessel bursts and leaks blood into the brain. This causes pressure on the brain, which leads to damage.
Stem Cell Treatment and Ischemic Stroke
Currently, the only approved available treatment for acute ischemic stroke is the
restoration of blood flow to the affected area of the brain via surgery. This, however, can be a high risk procedure and needs to be undertaken within hours of the stroke taking place. The damage caused by ischemic stroke can be effectively treated via stem cell application, which involves injecting stem cells, either intravenously or subcutaneously (under the skin).
When an area of the body is damaged, the damaged cells emit a signal to stem cells. Stem cells respond to these “SOS” signals and go to the damaged site, where they work to create
new, healthy cells, repairing some, most or all of the existing damage. When severe damage is caused, in the event of, for example, a stroke, heart attack or severe injury, the body can’t produce enough stem cells to heal the damage. By introducing extra stem cells, we allow chronic, otherwise permanent damage to be healed.
The phase 1 trial of this new study, conducted at the University of Glasgow, showed some
improvement in all of the 9 patients treated using stem cells. However, larger phase II and phase III trials will need to be conducted before solid conclusions can be agreed upon and before stem cell application for stroke patients will become widely available as a standard, non-invasive and low risk treatment for stroke survivors.