Across the world, almost 36 million people live with dementia, the most common cause of which is Alzheimer’s disease, with this figure expected to double to 65 million people by 2030. This month at Stem Cell Application Mexico we will explore the facts about Alzheimer’s disease and look at measures that we can take to help prevent the onset of the condition.
Alzheimer’s Disease Facts
- Alzheimer’s disease is America’s 6th leading cause of death for people over the age of 18, and the 5th leading cause of death for over 65s.
- Alzheimer’s is most common in individuals over the age of 65, although some people younger than 65 develop the condition.
- There is no known cause of Alzheimer’s disease. However, it is thought, like many chronic conditions, to be the result of a number of factors rather than one single cause.
- Currently 5 million Americans are living with Alzheimer’s disease.
What Is Alzheimer’s Disease?
Alzheimer’s disease is a neurological disorder that involves the loss of neurons in the brain. This leads to loss of intellectual ability, such as memory and reasoning. As the disease progresses, it can eventually impact social behavior and functioning.
The brain is made up of a complex network of neurons, with each network responsible for a specific task (e.g. memory, reasoning, taste, sight). These networks interlink and work together seamlessly to perform all functions. People with Alzheimer’s have abnormally high levels of protein (plaques) and fibers (tangles) in their brain. These stop neurons from being as effective as they should and, eventually, the neurons die. People with Alzheimer’s also have a deficiency of neurotransmitters; chemicals within the brain that help to transmit messages, which impairs brain function. Over time, the damage caused by the plaques and tangles spreads throughout the brain, causing further damage to cognitive function (how the brain works).
As a progressive disease, Alzheimer’s worsens over time, although there are medical and lifestyle measures that can be taken to slow the progression.
Treating Alzheimer’s Disease
Although there are drugs that can help to replace the lack of neurotransmitters associated with Alzheimer’s disease and measures that people with Alzheimer’s can take to slow the progression of the disease, there is no known cure for Alzheimer’s disease. Stem cell application has, however, been show to slow the progression of Alzheimer’s and, in some cases, reverse some of the damage caused by the disease.
If you would like to know more about how stem cell application can help to repair damage caused by Alzheimer’s disease and other neurological conditions, contact us for a free, no obligation consultation.